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The ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey is conducted quarterly to measure employers’ intentions to increase or decrease the number of employees in their workforces during the next quarter. ManpowerGroup’s comprehensive forecast of employer hiring plans has been running for more than 55 years and is one of the most trusted surveys of employment activity in the world.

Key Findings

Global hiring intentions for Q3 2021:

  • For the July to September period, a total of 45,019 employers were surveyed by ManpowerGroup in 43 countries and territories, to measure hiring intentions going forwards. Interviewing was carried out during the exceptional circumstances of the COVID-19 outbreak. The survey findings for the third quarter of 2021 period are likely to reflect the impact of the global health emergency, and the ongoing economic disruption in some countries.

  • Based on seasonally adjusted analysis*, employers in 42 of the 43 countries and territories surveyed expect workforce gains in the coming quarter, while employers in one expect a flat hiring pace.

  • The strongest hiring intentions for the next three months are reported in the United States, Taiwan, and Australia. The weakest hiring intentions are reported in Hong Kong, Argentina, Panama and South Africa.

  • Stronger hiring sentiment is reported in 31 of the 43 countries and territories in comparison with the prior quarter, while weakening in 8 (no change is reported in four countries and territories).

  • When compared with this time one year ago – when COVID-19 first had an impact on hiring prospects - hiring intentions strengthen in 42 of the 43 countries and territories, while remaining unchanged in one.

  • Payrolls are expected to increase in all 10 Americas countries during the forthcoming quarter. Hiring plans strengthen in six countries when compared with the previous quarter, while declining in three. In a comparison with last year at this time, hiring plans strengthen in all 10 countries. Hiring sentiment in the U.S. is the strongest of all 43 countries and territories in the survey for the next three months. The weakest hiring intentions in the Americas region are reported in Argentina and Panama.

  • Employers in six of the seven Asia Pacific countries and territories expect to add to payrolls in the next three months, while a flat labor market is anticipated in one. In a comparison with the prior quarter, hiring plans strengthen in three countries and territories, but also weaken in three. When compared with the third quarter of 2020, hiring plans strengthen in six countries and territories, while remaining unchanged in one. The strongest labor markets are expected in Taiwan and Australia, while the weakest hiring climate is expected in Hong Kong.

  • An increase in payrolls is forecast for all 26 Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) region countries during the third quarter of 2021. In a quarter-over-quarter comparison, hiring plans strengthen in 22 countries, while weakening in two. Hiring sentiment strengthens in all 26 countries when compared with this time one year ago. The strongest regional hiring plans are reported in Greece, Ireland, and Croatia. Meanwhile, hiring prospects are weakest in South Africa, the Czech Republic and Spain.

* Data is not seasonally adjusted for Croatia.


The ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey provides a forward-looking perspective on hiring in 43 countries and territories. The results help understand competition for talent within industries and markets and can help guide workforce management strategies. Find your local results in the list below.

Third Quarter 2021 Results for all 43 countries and territories

What is in store for global labor markets?

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Full Report (PDF)
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Infographic
Global
English
English
English
Argentina
English
English
Spanish
Spanish
Australia
English
English
English
Austria
German
English
Belgium
Flemish
Flemish
French
French
English
English
English
Brazil
English
English
English
Portuguese
Portuguese
Bulgaria
Bulgarian
Canada
English
English
French
China
Chinese
Chinese
Chinese
English
English
English
Colombia
English
English
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
Costa Rica
English
English
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
Croatia
English
Czech Republic
Czech
English
English
English
Finland
Finnish
Finnish
English
English
English
France
French
French
French
English
English
Germany
German
German
English
English
Greece
Greek
Greek
English
English
Guatemala
English
English
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
Hong Kong
English
English
English
Hungary
English
English
India
English
English
English
Ireland
English
English
Israel
Hebrew
Hebrew
English
Italy
Italian
Italian
English
English
Japan
Japanese
English
English
Mexico
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
English
English
Netherlands
Dutch
Dutch
English
English
English
Norway
English
English
English
Panama
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
English
English
Peru
English
Spanish
Spanish
Spanish
Poland
Polish
Polish
English
English
English
Portugal
Portuguese
Portuguese
English
English
Romania
Romanian
Romanian
Romanian
English
English
English
Singapore
English
English
English
Slovakia
Slovakian
English
English
Slovenia
English
South Africa
English
English
English
Spain
Spanish
English
Sweden
English
English
Switzerland
French
French
German
German
English
English
English
Taiwan
Chinese
Chinese
English
English
Turkey
Turkish
English
United Kingdom
English
English
United States
English
English
English

Explore the latest labor market forecasts from one of the most trusted surveys of employment activity in the world.

Graph View

Trying to identify longer-term patterns in the labor market? Then use the Graph View. The menu on the left lets you select a country and view historical national data, as well as historical results from each of the industry sectors and regions.

Map View

Each of the 43 participating countries and territories are displayed on a global map. Simply click on the country to view its latest Net Employment Outlook and a glimpse of how active the hiring pace is expected to be in the next three months.

Data Explorer by ManpowerGroup
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EXPLORE DATA
Net Employment Outlook

* Unadjusted Data

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About the ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey

What is the ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey?

The ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey measures employers’ intentions to increase or decrease the number of employees in their workforce during the next quarter. It is the most extensive forward-looking survey of its kind, unparalleled in its size, scope and longevity. The Survey has been running for more than 55 years and is one of the most trusted indicators of labor market trends in the world.

What questions do you ask in the survey?

All the data in the survey is based on the answer to one question: How do you anticipate total employment at your location to change in the coming three months as compared to the current quarter?


What is meant by Net Employment Outlook?

The Net Employment Outlook is derived by taking the percentage of employers anticipating an increase in hiring activity and subtracting from this the percentage of employers that expect to see a decrease in employment at their location in the next quarter. A positive Net Employment Outlook figure means that, on balance, there are more employers who expect to add to their headcount in the following three months than those who intend to reduce staff.

Does the survey provide data on planned employment changes?

The ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey only measures if employers expect to hire or not and does not provide information about specific job changes. The Survey is a forecast, not a commitment, based on informed opinions from employers and hiring managers on what will likely happen in their organization in the following quarter.

How large is the sample worldwide?

The ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey is based on interviews with over 58,000 public and private employers in 43 countries and territories.

How are companies selected for the survey?

Employers are selected based on the types of companies and organizations they represent. We want to ensure that our panel is representative of each participating country’s national labor market, so each country’s panel is built in proportion to that country’s overall distribution of industry sectors and organization sizes.

Who do you interview in each company?

The person we select to interview will be someone with a good overview of staffing levels and hiring intentions within their organization. Normally this will be the head of HR or an HR manager. However, in smaller organizations, that person may be a general manager or even the CEO.

Who conducts the research?

Infocorp, Ltd. is our lead research partner who analyzes data for all 43 countries and territories to ensure consistency. Infocorp also conducts the survey in 36 of the participating countries and territories. The US portion of the survey is conducted by Leede Research. Survey field work for several markets in APME (China, India, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong) is conducted via local research vendors and internal resources.

Can you explain the Margin of Error calculation?

By their very nature, surveys are imperfect measures. All surveys have a margin of error, which is largely determined by the number of interviews completed. For the ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey, the minimum panel size in each country and territory is 620 to ensure a margin of error no greater than +/-3.9%. This prevents undue distortion of the data because of one respondent changing their response from one quarter to the next. No single panel member represents more than 2% of the total sample in an industry sector or region.

Why do you seasonally adjust the data?

Seasonal adjustment is a statistical process that allows the Survey data to be presented without the impact of hiring fluctuations that normally occur through the course of the year, usually as a result of various external factors, such changes in weather, traditional production cycles and public holidays. Seasonal adjustment has the effect of flattening peaks and smoothing troughs in the data to better illustrate underlying employment trends and provide a more accurate representation of the ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey results.

How do you know if hiring intentions reported come to fruition?

ManpowerGroup does not track retrospective hiring trends as part of the Employment Outlook Survey, only forward-looking expectations. However, we are able to see that the Survey results do align with employment trends reported by governments and other organizations quite closely and provide one of the most robust and trusted indicators of forward-looking labor market trends in the world.

What is the best way to analyze the results? Is it better to look at quarter over quarter or year over year comparisons?

There are several ways to review the results, which are reported for 43 countries and territories, and specific industries and regions within each. The current results, including the Net Employment Outlook, provides a snapshot of employers’ expectations for the coming three months. Comparing this result to the previous quarter provides a short-term perspective of hiring expectations in a particular country or sector, while comparing to the previous year gives a longer-term view on employer intentions. The Employment Outlook Survey Data Explorer is a helpful tool to explore these trends over a ten-year period and compare regions, countries and industry sectors.

Find the talent and solutions you need

To discuss the results personally or explore how ManpowerGroup can help you find the talent and solutions needed to propel your organization forward, contact us today.